We remain open to provide care for your pets. We are following the direction of government and regulatory authorities and have implemented hospital and visit protocols to keep both you and our team safe. For regular updates on our hours and visit protocols, please follow our social media platforms.

780.539.0636

Rabies

Rabies is a virus that is Zoonotic disease, meaning the disease is transmitted from animal to humans. The most common reservoir is domestic dogs. Wildlife such as bats, raccoons, foxes etc. serve as the maintenance host of the virus. Human deaths up to 99% are caused by dog-mediated rabies. Rabies is an epidemic on all continents besides Antarctica.

Rabies virus is transmitted in the saliva of infected animals. The virus can not infiltrate intact skin but though wounds like scratches and bites. Once in the body, the virus spreads from muscle cells to the peripheral nerves to the central nervous system and finally ending the cycle in the salivary glands.

Symptoms of your dog contracting rabies entails biting without provocation, eating abnormal items such as sticks, nail etc., running for no apparent reason, vocal changes or the inability to produce sound and excessive salivation or foaming from the mouth.

Symptoms in humans often initially include fever, pain, unusual or unexplained tingling, prickling or a burning sensation at the wound site. There are two types of rabies infection, furious, which accounts for more than 80% of human cases. It is more severe and runs a shorter course or paralytic, which accounts for only 20%. It is less common, but the longer course and less dramatic but both result in death within two weeks once symptoms appear and if not treated early. Rabies incubation period can be from 7 days to a year but typically is 2-3 months depending on the severity of the bite wound and amount of virus inoculated at the site.

There is no current test available to diagnose human Rabies infection prior to death or before the onset of clinical disease. It is very difficult to diagnose on the clinical ground alone and often unreliable. The best way is after death by detecting the rabies virus in tissues that are affected, fluorescent antibody test or direct rapid immunohistochemistry test.

Rabies in humans and animals is a highly fatal disease, and there is no curative treatment once clinical signs have appeared. In human cases, rabies suspected exposure should be treated immediately to prevent the onset of symptoms and death. Once exposed prophylaxis should include wound management, rabies vaccines and rabies immunoglobulin if indicated.

In animals that are confirmed healthy by a veterinarian should be observed closely for ten days to watch for signs of rabies. In those ten days, the animal should not be in close contact with humans or other animals. Once cleared, they can go back to living the animal’s normal life. If the animal is suspected of having rabies should be euthanized humanely and sent to the lab to confirm the diagnosis.

To reduce the exposure of Rabies virus to humans and other animals is to eliminate rabies in dogs via vaccination. It is done through public awareness, health education and to make the post-exposure prophylaxis easily accessible and available. There has to be at least 70% of the dog population must be vaccinated to break the cycle of transmission in dogs and to humans.

If you have any questions, give us a call at 780.539.0636.

Written by: Nathalie Parker, RVT

Category:

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COVID-19: Additional measures we are taking

Dear Clients,

Due to the close contact that our work requires, we have taken additional measures to protect you and our team while providing care for your furry family members.

The following changes are effective as of Wednesday, March 18, 2020:

1. We are currently operating a "closed waiting room" policy to protect our clients and staff. When you arrive, please remain in your vehicle and use your cell phone to call us at 780-539-0636. We will bring your pet into the hospital for an examination with the veterinarian. The veterinarian will then call you to discuss our recommended treatment plan. After your appointment, a technician will return your pet to your car and take care of any needed medications and payment.

2. We are continuing to accept appointments for urgent or sick pets, as well as time-sensitive puppy/kitten vaccinations. All other services will be scheduled for a later time. However, if you're unsure whether your pet needs medical attention, please call us to discuss your situation.

3. We are still OPEN with the following hours: Monday to Saturday 8:30 am - 5:30 pm

4. If you are ordering food or medications, please allow 2-4 business days as our suppliers are dealing with increased demand and are trying to fill orders as quickly as possible. We will advise you as soon as your order arrives. Please call us when you arrive to pick up your order, but do not enter the hospital. Our staff will bring your order to your car. You can also use our online store and have your food delivered directly to your home. To sign up for the Online Store, please visit our website.

5. For the time being, we are not accepting cash as payment. Credit cards and debit card payments are still available.

6. Following the recommendations of our government and medical experts, we are doing our best to practice social distancing within the constraints of our jobs. We have taken these measures to avoid both contracting and facilitating the spread of this disease.

Thank you for helping us be diligent for everyone's safety. As we have heard from all levels of government, the situation is fluid, and any updates will be provided as changes occur.

- Your dedicated team at Animal Medical Centre North